BlazeTech Logo CONTACT US

Aircraft Fire Hazards, Protection & Investigation Course

By N. Albert Moussa, PhD, PE

View Brochure/Register

Course Outline

  • Flammability of Fuels, Oils and Hydraulics
    • Current and alternate compositions (biofuels)
    • Vapor pressure, flash/fire points
    • Ignition and flame temperatures
  • Fuel Tank Fire and Explosion
    • Ullage flammability and deflagration
    • Predict fire/overpressure using BlazeTank
    • N2 Inerting: 9% vs. 12% O2
    • Penetration/perforation by debris/bullet impacts
    • SFAR 88: lessons learned (B747 New York)
    • Bladders and helicopter tanks
  • Engine Fires
    • Uncontained engine failures (CF6, Sioux City, IA; Trent 972, A380, Singapore)
    • Hot surface vs. auto ignition temperature tests
    • Full-scale tests on AV8-B and simulated F-16
    • Turbo diesel engines for General Aviation
    • Protection systems
  • Post-Crash Fires
    • Pool v. trailing fires (B720 NASA, A340 Toronto)
    • Impact into a building (Sept. 11)
  • Electrical and Battery Fires
    • Wiring problems (L1011, Riyadh)
    • Li and Li ion battery fires in device (laptop), cargo shipment and APU (B787, Boston)
    • Origins, fixes and challenges
    • Lightning hazards
  • Flammability of Polymeric Materials
    • Thermal degradation, ignition, flaming, smoldering, smoke, toxicity, flame retardants
    • FAR 25.853 test methods
    • Effects of pressure and oxygen concentration
  • Cabin Fires
    • Breached fuselage vs. burn-through
    • Flammability of seats and panels
    • Flashover (full scale FAA tests)
    • Passenger evacuation (B737, Manchester, UK)
  • Fires in Cargo and Hidden Areas
    • Ventilation and smoke movement
    • Federal Express, Boston
    • Oxygen generator fire (DC-9 Everglades)
  • Flammability of Composite Structures
    • Unique properties of composites
    • FAA Fire test methods under development
    • Thermal degradation model
    • Composites v. Aluminum structures
    • Carbon v. glass fibers in UAVs
  • External Hazards That Can Impact Aircraft
    • Classification of energetic/hazardous materials
    • Air blast from explosives
    • Internal explosions (B747, Lockerbie)
    • Projectile impact: penetration and perforation
    • Concorde disaster
    • Structural response: local v. global deformation
    • Detection of explosives
    • Dry ice "bombs"
  • Fire Detection and Suppression Systems
    • Pros and cons of various detector types
    • Halon replacement agents, clutter effects
    • Onboard and ground based fire suppression
  • Aircraft Fire Accident Investigation
    • Investigative process (ICAO, NTSB, FAA)
    • Anatomy of a fire accident; accident precursors
    • Forensic tools, NFPA 921
    • Timeline and pathline reconstruction
    • Critical tests and modeling
  • Summary of Fire/Explosion Pattern Recognition
    • In-flight v. ground fires: (MD-11, NS, Canada)
    • Pre v. post crash fires (CRJ-100, Lexington, KY)
    • Internal v. External fire (B777 San Francisco)
    • Explosives v. fuel vapor explosions (TWA 800)
    • Structural failures identification
    • Contributory human factors
    • Lessons learned

Faculty:

Dr. N. Albert Moussa PhD, PE